Population of

    NZ as at 30 June 20: 5,025,000

    During the June 2020 year, New Zealand's population grew by ​105,500 or 2.1%​:

    • We had a net migration gain of 79,400 ​

    • Estimated natural increase (births minus deaths) was 26,100 

    • As at 30 June there were 2,474,800 males and 2,550,100 female


    The NZ economy fell 1.6% in March 2020 quarter - the largest fall since March 1991

    In the March 2020 quarter:

    • New Zealand economy – down 1.6 percent

    • service industries – down 1.1 percent

    • primary industries – down 1.0 percent

    • goods-producing industries – down 2.7 percent

    • GDP per capita – down 2.2 percent

    • real gross disposable national income – down 1.6 percent

    • annual GDP growth in the year to March – up 1.5 percent.


    Unemployment rates fell to 4.0% in the June 2020 quarter

    In the June 2020 quarter:

    • Unemployment rate fell to 4.0%

    • Underutilisation rate rose to 12%.

    • Employment rate fell to 66.9% .

    • Filled jobs fell 0.5%.

    • Average weekly earnings (including overtime) fell 2.8% 

    • Wage rates increased 2.1% annually.


    Approx. 168,000 

    NZ children

    live in poverty

    Child Poverty Findings for the 2018/19 financial year:

    • 14.9% of children lived in households with an income that was less than 50% of the median equivalised disposable household income, before housing costs are deducted.

    • 20.8% of children lived in households with an income that was less than 50% of the median equivalised disposable income, after housing costs are deducted, in the 2017/18 year (the base financial year).

    • 13.4% of children lived in households that experienced material hardship (that is, have a score of six or more items on the material hardship index).


    These findings provide examples of the on-going tangible effect poverty has on children and families in New Zealand

    1 in 5 children

    live in a household without access to enough food or healthy food

    Child Poverty Monitor Findings for the 2019 year:

    Adequate income:

    • 254,000 children, or 23%, live in low-income households. These are households that have disposable equivalised income less than 50% of the national median income after housing costs.

      • By 2028, the Government has committed to reduce the number of children in low-income households by 130,000 – from 23% to 10%.

    Access to essentials:​

    • 148,000 children, or 13%, live in households experiencing material hardship, which means going without six or more essentials for a decent standard of living.

    • 65,000 children live in households experiencing severe material hardship, which means going without nine or more essentials for a decent standard of living.​

      • By 2028, the Government has committed to reduce the number of children living in material hardship by 80,000 – from 13% to 6%.

    Good Health:

    • Children living in areas with the highest deprivation scores are three times more likely to end up in hospital than children in areas with the lowest deprivation scores

    A place to call home:

    • High housing costs contribute to many families living in poverty. More than 30% of the lowest income households with children spend more than half of their income on housing costs.

    Healthy Food:

    • 174,000 children live in households that can’t always afford to put enough healthy food on the table.

    • 56% of children living in families receiving financial assistance don't always have enough healthy food to eat, compared to just 12% of children living in families not receiving financial assistance.


    In 2016, there
    were 118,910
    family violence investigations by

    NZ Police

    76% of family violence incidents are not reported to Police 

    • About half of all homicides in New Zealand are committed by an offender who is identified as family. (1)

    • 76% of family violence incidents are NOT reported to Police. (2)

    • Police investigated 118,910 incidents of family violence in 2016 or about one every 5 minutes. This was an increase of more than 8,000 on 2015. (3) 

    • In the four years from 2009 to 2012, an average of 13 women, 10 men, and 9 children were killed each year as a result of family violence. (4) 

    • Family violence is estimated to cost the country between $4.1 and $7 billion each year. (5)

    • 1 in 3 women experience physical and/or sexual violence from a partner in their lifetime. (6)

    • 76% of recorded assaults against females are committed by an offender that is identified as family. (7)

    • In the four years from 2009 to 2012, 76% of intimate partner violence-related deaths were perpetrated by men, 24% were perpetrated by women. (8) 

    • As many as one in 10 people over 65 years in New Zealand will experience some kind of elder abuse in a year. (9)


    As at 31 March 2019 10,053 people
    were in prison and 92.8% of the prison population are male

    • There were 9,324 male prisoners and 729 female prisoners in NZ prisons as at 31 March 2019

    • 30.8% of prisoners were aged between 30 - 39 years

    • Maori accounted for 51.3% of all prisoners, European 30.7%, Pacific 11.6%

    • 39.7% of prisoners were incarcerated as a result of acts of violence, 19.5% for sexual offences, 11.7% for burglary and 11.4% for drug convictions. 


    In 2018, there were 208,356 charges (counted individually) against adults (aged 17 years or over) 


    • In 2018 there were 208,356 charges against adults (counting each charge individually). This is a 5% decrease compared to 2017

    • The number of adults charged has fallen by 42% since the peak in 2009, mostly due to steady decreases between 2009 and 2015.



    • When counting convicted charges individually, the most common offence types in 2018 were:

      • traffic offences, such as excess breath alcohol (36,015 convicted charges)

      • offences against justice, such as breaching a community work order (34,423 convicted charges)

      • theft (17,560 convicted charges)

      • assault (14,764 convicted charges)

      • drug offences (10,527 convicted charges)

    ​Note: People may be convicted of multiple charges per year as they may be brought to court and convicted more than once in the year for repeat offending or be convicted of multiple offences (each of which is a separate charge) at the same time. The total number of convicted charges against adults will be larger than the number of adults convicted in the year.

    • 60,715 adults (83% of all adults charged) were convicted of at least one offence​

    • Three-quarters (78%) of adults convicted in 2018 were male

    • Half of the adults convicted in 2018 were under 30 years old (30% 17 - 24 years, 20% 25 - 29 years, 25% 30 - 39 years and 25% 40 years or older)  


    Note: A person may receive more than one sentence when convicted of a charge

    • In 2018, the most serious sentences received by convicted adults were:

      • monetary penalties (33%; 20,279 adults)

      • community work (20%; 11,990 adults)

      • imprisonment (12%; 7,367 adults)

      • community detention (8%; 4,666 adults)

      • supervision (7%; 4,111 adults)

      • home detention (5%; 2,982 adults)

      • intensive supervision (4%; 2,498 adults)

      • other sentence types (6%; 3,649 adults)

      • no sentence imposed (5%; 3,173 adults).


    In 2018, 1,620 young people & children had charges finalised against them in any court

    Note: children refer to those aged 10 - 13, and young people refer to those aged 14 - 16.


    In 2018:

    • 1,620 children and young people had charges finalised in any court in 2018 (this includes Youth, District and High Courts). This is approximately 260 (14%) fewer than in 2017. 

    • Children and young people accounted for only 2% of all people who appeared in court​

    • Of all children and young people with charges finalised in 2018, 78% were male and 22% were female

    • 74% (1,194) of children and young people in court were 15 or 16 years old

    • Māori made up 63% of children and young people with charges finalised in court: 1,026 Māori children and young people , 360 European, 153 Pacific Peoples, 21 of other ethnicities and 63 of unknown ethnicity.


    Over the past 10 years, the number of children and young people in court has dropped by 64%, mostly due to substantial decreases between 2009 and 2015.


    Gender pay gap was 9.2% in June 2018 quarter

    Findings for the June 2018 quarter:

    • The June 2018 quarter pay gap of 9.2% was the second smallest pay gap in 20 years. 

    • The gender pay gap varies with age:

      • for those aged 15–19 years the gap was 2.4%​

      • for 20–24-year olds it was 0.9%

      • for workers aged 25–29 years the gap was 4.2%

      • for people aged 50–54 years the gap was 18.4% 

    • The gender pay gap is smaller for full-time than part-time workers:

      • the gap for full-time workers was 7.9%

      • the gap for part-time workers was -11.1% meaning on average women in part-time work were paid more for an hour's work than men 

    Note: the gender pay gap measure is limited because it doesn't account for men & women doing different jobs or working different hours. It also doesn't account for personal characteristics that influence pay such as age or qualifications. 


 Even when words don't seem enough, they matter. They help us create connections, make meaningful contributions and overcome some of the deep-seated issues facing our country.


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